Светодиодные фонари и световые приборы. Всё о светотехнике.
Вернуться   Форум FONAREVKA.RU Источники питания и зарядные устройства Batteries and Chargers. Reviews and tests.
Забыли пароль? Регистрация

  • О нашем проекте
  • Светотехника и световые приборы
Проект FONAREVKA.RU специализируется на предоставлении всей необходимой информации о светодиодных фонариках, источниках питания, зарядных устройствах и световых приборах включая: освещение помещений (светодиодные лампы, светильники, светодиодные панели и т.п.) и интерьерная подсветка (светодиодные ленты и прочее); основное уличное освещение и ландшафтная подсветка; внешние световые приборы для автомобилей и мототранспорта, в том числе дополнительная оптика для Off-Road. Отдельное внимание уделено лазерам и лазерной технике.
Ответ  Создать новую тему
Просмотров в теме 3971   Ответов в теме 0   Подписчиков на тему 0   Добавили в закладки 0
Опции темы Поиск в этой теме
Старый 24.05.2011, 18:22 Автор темы   1
Модератор своих разделов
 
Аватар для HKJ
 
Регистрация: 03.07.2010
Последняя активность: 24.08.2022 10:33
Адрес: Copenhagen, Denmark
Сообщений: 1652
Сказал(а) спасибо: 0
Поблагодарили: 2971 раз(а) в 1023 сообщениях

По умолчанию The anatomy of a Protected Battery

I had a dead 18650 battery and wanted to get some more out of it, this is the result:

The Anatomy of a Protected Battery
Most batteries has some build in protection, usual it is only a pressure valve, but some batteries needs more than that for protection, this is especially true for some LiIon batteries (LiCoO2). Here I have dissected a AW 18650 battery to see the extra protection.



The battery is a 18650 battery, with this name it is supposed to be 18 mm in diameter and 65 mm long. These measurements do not fit reality completely, the battery is 18.4 mm in diameter and 67.4 mm long, the reason for the extra length and extra diameter will be obvious soon.



The holes in the plus pole of the battery is the exhaust from the pressure valve in the battery, this can be seen on many types of batteries. Also hidden beneath the plus is a temperature fuse (Called a PTC resistor), but it cannot be seen here.
Note: This protection is enough for some manufacturer to call a battery protected, but a phrase like "pcb protection" or "IC protection" does cover a battery with full protection.



Note the narrowing on the backend of the battery and it also looks like there is something on the side of the battery. Both are signs that this battery has a electronic circuit in the back and usual this circuit is the extended protection. For standalone LiIon batteries (LiCoO2) it is very important that this protection is present. In packs with multiple cells this circuit is usual common for the pack and not mounted in each cell.
Note: Cell is a battery with only one "battery" in it, battery is a collection of cells but also used about a single cell (Does this sentence make sense?).



In this picture I have removed the wrapper around the battery and the circuit at the bottom of the battery can be seen, together with the wire on the side of the battery.



The wire is connected to the plus pole on the battery and the other end goes to the circuit in the bottom of the battery. The went holes, from the pressure valve, can also easily be seen here, including two more.



The wire is soldered to the circuit at the bottom and another wire goes from the circuit to the bottom of the battery, i.e. the (internal) minus pole. The (external) minus pole of the battery is the backside of the circuit, not the minus pole on the cell.



In this picture I have collected all the parts from the battery, the actual 18650 cell in a metal shell, the protection circuit that is mounted at the minus pole of the cell and various isolation pieces and spacers, together with the black wrapper that is placed around everything.
Measuring the cell, without wrapper, wire and circuit, it is exactly 18 mm in diameter and only 64.7 mm long, i.e. the 18650 specification fits.



One these pictures I show some different protection circuits, the last one is for a smaller battery (The scale is different, I have zoomed close on the last picture, all parts looks bigger).
This cirucit usual protect against over discharge, over charge, and to high current drain (Short circuit).



The protection circuit seen from the backside, i.e. the actual/external minus pole on the protected battery. As can be seen, one of the circuits has an extra metal plate on the back of the circuit, to make the minus pole more durable.



The circuit has two important elements, the blue circle is around the controller chip and the red circle is around the switch that is used to connect/disconnect the battery.

Measuring on the protection circuits I found:
AW:
Current consumption: 4.5 uA, i.e. it will discharge a 2000mAh battery in 50 years
Overdischarge will disconnect at 2.5 volt, but will only reconnect if the battery goes above 3 volt.
Overcharge will disconnect at 4.26 volt and will reconnect when battery is removed from charger.
Voltage drop in circuit at 1 amp and 2.9 volt battery voltage: 25mV

The other big circuit:
Current consumption: 4.2 uA
Overdischarge will disconnect at 2.5 volt, but will not reconnect again except with external voltage (i.e. a charger).
Overcharge will disconnect at 4.26 volt and will reconnect when battery is removed from charger.
Voltage drop in circuit at 1 amp and 2.9 volt battery voltage: 30mV

The small circuit:
Current consumption: 3.9 uA
Overdischarge will disconnect at 2.5 volt, but will not reconnect again except with external voltage (i.e. a charger).
Overcharge will disconnect at 4.26 volt and will reconnect when battery is removed from charger.
Voltage drop in circuit at 1 amp and 2.9 volt battery voltage: 60mV

The above measurements are only valud for the circuits I have measured on, but gives an indication about what to expect from LiIon protection circuits.
HKJ вне форума   Ответить с цитированием Вверх
Реклама на форуме.
Разместить рекламу
Ответ  Создать новую тему
Опции темы Поиск в этой теме
Поиск в этой теме:

Расширенный поиск




Copyright ©2007 - 2022, FONAREVKA.RU

Powered by vBulletin®
Copyright ©2000 - 2022, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. Перевод: zCarot

Время генерации страницы 0.08372 секунды с 18 запросами